International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecological Nursing
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Colostrum feeding: Knowledge and practice in pregnant women in a teaching hospital
Background: The role of colostrum in promoting growth and development of the newborn as well as fighting with the infection is widely acknowledged. There are differences in cultures in the acceptability of colostrum and the prevalence of colostrum feeding. Although, breastfeeding is a common practice, importance of colostrum feeding is still poorly understood.
Objectives of the study: To assess the awareness of the importance of colostrum feeding in pregnant women.
Methods: Data collection was done through semi structured questionnaire regarding colostrum feeding among pregnant women attending Gynecology and Obstetrics Outpatient Department (OPD) and Antenatal Ward.
Results: The study shows that 74% of women had heard about colostrum, 69% knew that it is nutritious milk to be fed to the new born babies. Nine percent (9%) women were aware about its protective effect and 41% had knowledge that it helps in proper growth of children and fight against infections. There were still many women (26%) who lacked knowledge about colostrum, majority being uneducated and who came from the rural areas. Those women who knew about it, received the information about colostrum via various media (30%), followed by family and friends (16%) and antenatal advice (12%) which contributes the reason of improved practice of colostrums feeding in urban areas.
Conclusion: Many women were aware about the importance of colostrum but the data still indicates that further efforts are necessary to improve the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of colostrums feeding.