International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecological Nursing
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
Knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding low birth weight babies in mass center, Tirupati
Dr. Usha kiran
Introduction: In the present era of science and technology where quality is of supreme priority, quality of life can only be accredited by decreased morbidity and mortality rate of newborn. According to UNICEF report dying in month of life at an average global rate of 18 deaths per 1,000 live births. India makes it 12 th worst among the 52 lower-middle-income countries and as per the WHO report in 2017, 23.7 deaths per thousand live.
Objectives: To assess the knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding low birth weight baby. To find out association between knowledge score of antenatal mothers regarding low birth babies with their selected demographic variables.
Methodology: A descriptive research design was adopted for hundred antenatal mothers who were selected by using non probability convenient sampling at Mass Center, Tirupati, in order to assess the knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding low birth weight babies by using structure questionnaire. The tool was validated by experts and modification were made according to expert`s suggestions.
Results: In the assessment among 100 antenatal mothers, 48 (48%) had inadequate knowledge, 34 (34%) had moderate knowledge, 18 (18%) have adequate knowledge on low birth weight babies.
Conclusion: The findings of the study revealed that knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding low birth baby weight babies was 48(48%) had inadequate knowledge, 34 (34%) had moderate knowledge and 18 (18%) had adequate knowledge.
Incidence: In 2015, 20.5 million new born, an estimated 14.6 per cent of all babies born globally that year, suffered from low birthweight. These babies were more likely to die during their first month of life and those who survived face lifelong consequences including a higher risk of stunted growth, lower IQ, and adult-onset chronic conditions such as obesity and diabetes. To grow a healthy baby, mothers need good nutrition and rest, adequate antenatal care, and a clean environment. Together, these ingredients for a healthy pregnancy can help to prevent, identify and treat the conditions that cause low birthweight and thus foster achievement of the World Health Assembly (WHA) nutrition target to reduce low birthweight by 30 per cent between 2012 and 2025.