International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecological Nursing
2023, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Part B
Development and validation of postmenopausal attitude scale
Hariprasath Pandurangan, Balasubramanian N and Sudha Rani S
Background: Menopause is not only a biological event but also psychosocial. Attitudes, perceptions, and expectations are some of the psychosocial phenomena surrounding menopause. Many women perceive it as a welcome relief from menses and the risk of pregnancy while those who desire children consider it an unwelcome event. Both women in midlife and health professionals agree that attitudes toward menopause play a potential role in the experience of menopause, including its perceived severity. However, there is currently no comprehensive tool to assess menopausal women's attitudes.
Methodology: The aim of this study is to develop post-menopausal women attitude scale. To develop the tool authors followed the various steps like review of literature, obtaining content validity and establishing content validity ratio, factor analysis and estimating the reliability of the tool.
Results: The content validity ratio of the tool is 1 and reliability of the estimated by Cronbach alpha and it was found to be 0.765. The version of the scale is a five point Likert scale with 25 items. There were 10 items under the heading Attitude towards Physical Factor, 5 items under the heading Attitude towards psychological Factor, 5 items under the heading Attitude towards Sexual Factors, and 5 items under the heading Attitude towards Management of Menopause.
Conclusion: Proper validation of tool is essential, and it is crucial process in the new construction of the tool. The prepared tool will comprehensively measure all the domains of attitude related to menopause.
Hariprasath Pandurangan, Balasubramanian N, Sudha Rani S. Development and validation of postmenopausal attitude scale. Int J Obstetrics Gynaecological Nurs 2023;5(1):111-115. DOI: 10.33545/26642298.2023.v5.i1b.113